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Posted By : ias tutor

Subject : Miscellanious | Chapter : ESSAY

Question :


  1. Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India
  2. A good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge
  3. Poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere
  4. Management of Indian border disputes – a complex task


  1. Customary morality cannot be a guide to modern life
  2. “The past’ is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values
  3. A people that values its privileges above its principles loses both
  4. Reality does not conform to the ideal, but confirms it

0 Answer 0 Comments 52 views January 04, 2019 at 04:29 pm

Posted By : ias tutor

Subject : Miscellanious | Chapter : GENERAL STUDIES

Question :
  1. In the light of recent controversy regarding the use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India? (10)
  2. Whether National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine. (10)
  3. Under what circumstances can the Financial Emergency be proclaimed by the President of India? What consequences follow when such a declaration remains in force? (10)
  4. Why do you think the committees are considered to be useful for parliamentary work? Discuss, in this context, the role of the Estimates Committee. (10)
  5. “The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) has a very vital role to play.” Explain how this is reflected in the method and terms of his appointment as well as the range of powers he can exercise. (10)
  6. “Policy contradictions among various competing sectors and stakeholders have resulted in inadequate ‘protection and prevention of degradation to environment.” Comment with relevant illustrations.
  7. Appropriate local community level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’ in India. Explain.
  8. E-governance in not only about utilization of the power of new technology, but also much about critical importance of the ‘use value’ of information. Explain. (10)
  9. “India’s relations with Israel have, of late, acquired a depth and diversity, which cannot be rolled back.” Discuss. (10 )
  10. A number of outside powers have entrenched themselves in Central Asia, which is a zone of interest to India. Discuss the implications, in this context, of India’s joining the Ashgabat Agreement, 2018. (10)
  11. Whether the Supreme Court Judgement (July 2018) can settle the political tussle between the Lt. Governor and elected government of Delhi? Examine. (15)
  12. How far do you agree with the view that tribunals curtail the jurisdiction of ordinary courts? In view of the above, discuss the constitutional validity and competency of the tribunals in India. (15)
  13. Indian and USA are two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.
  14. How is the Finance Commission of India constituted? What do you know about the terms of reference of the recently constituted Finance Commission? Discuss. (15)
  15. Assess the importance of the Panchayat system in India as a part of local government. Apart from government grants, what sources the Panchayats can look out for financing developmental projects? (15)
  16. Multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction and duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella Human Rights Commission? Argue your case. (15)
  17. How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India? (15)
  18. The Citizen’s Charter is an ideal instrument of organisational transparency and accountability, but it has its own limitations. Identify the limitations and suggest measures for greater effectiveness of the Citizen’s Charters. (15)
  19. What are the key areas of reform if the WTO has to survive in the present context of ‘Trade War’, especially keeping in mind the interest of India? (15)
  20. In what ways would the ongoing US-Iran Nuclear Pact Controversy affect the national interest of India? How should India respond to its situation? (15)

0 Answer 0 Comments 38 views January 04, 2019 at 04:28 pm

Posted By : ias tutor

Subject : Miscellanious | Chapter : GENERAL STUDIES

Question :
  1. Safeguarding the Indian art heritage is the need of the moment. Comment (10)
  2. Assess the importance of the accounts of the Chinese and Arab travellers in the reconstruction of the history of India. (10)
  3. Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times. (10)
  4. Why is Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) needed? How does it help in navigation? (10 )
  5. Why is India taking keen interest in the Arctic region? (10)
  6. Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics. (10)
  7. What are the consequences of spreading of ‘Dead Zones’ on marine ecosystem? (10)
  8. “Caste system is assuming new identities and associational forms. Hence, caste system cannot be eradicated in India.” Comment. (10)
  9. ‘Despite implementation of various programmes for eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty is still existing’. Explain by giving reasons. (10)
  10. How the Indian concept of secularism different from the western model of secularism? Discuss. (10)
  11. The Bhakti movement received a remarkable re-orientation with the advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Discuss. (15)
  12. Discuss whether formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy of India. (15)
  13. Why indentured labour was taken by the British from India to their colonies? have they been able to preserve their cultural identity over there? (15)
  14. “The ideal solution of depleting ground water resources in India is water harvesting system.” How can it be made effective in urban areas? (15)
  15. Defining blue revolution, explain the problems and strategies for pisciculture development in India. (15)
  16. What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identifying industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics. (15)
  17. Mention core strategies for the transformation of aspirational districts in India and explain the nature of convergence, collaboration and competition for its success. (15)
  18. ‘Women’s movement in India has not addressed the issues of women of lower social strata.’ Substantiate your view. (15)
  19. ‘Globalisation is generally said to promote cultural homogenisation but due to this cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian society.’ Elucidate.
  20. ‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation.’ Argue by giving suitable illustrations. (15)

0 Answer 0 Comments 40 views January 04, 2019 at 04:27 pm

Posted By : ias tutor

Subject : Economy & Society | Chapter : SOCIOLOGY OPTIONAL

Question :


Q.1) Write short answers of the following questions in about 150 words each:

a) “Sociology is pre-eminently study of modern societies.” Discuss

b) ‘ What is ‘Value-free sociology’? Clarify.

c) Analyze the importance of qualitative method in social research.

d) Evaluate Marx’s ideas on mode of production.

e) “Vertical mobility brings structural change even in a closed social system”.


Q.2)  a) Elucidate the basic premises of Davis’ structural-punctual-functional theory of social stratification. How far is it relevant in understanding contemporary Indian Society?

b) Describe the functional prerequisites of social system as given by Talcott Parsons. Examine in the context of a university as a social system.

c) Is sociology common sense? Give reasons in support of your argument.             



Q.3)  a) Analyze the manifest and latent functions of ‘security of the tenure of  bureaucrats in the light of Merton’s theory.

b) Describe the basic postulates of scientific How far are these followed in sociological       research?

c) “Hypothesis is a statement of the relationship between two or more variables”. Elucidate by giving example of poverty and illiteracy.


Q.4) a) Examine Max Weber’s method of maintaining objectivity in social research

b) “Participant observation is the most effective tool for collecting facts.” Comment.

c) Discuss the relationship between poverty and social exclusion.



Q.5)  Write Short answers of the following questions in about 150 words each:

a) Describe the nature of social organization work in industrial society.

b) Discuss the importance of ‘power elite’ in democracy.

c) Is religion playing an important role in increasing fundamentalism? Give

d) To what extent is patriarchy a cause for the problems of women? Discuss.

e) “ Social conflict is both a cause and a consequence of social change.” Explain.


Q.6)  a)  “Globalization has pushed the labour into formal organization of work.” Substantiate your answer with suitable Examples.

b) “Social change can be brought about through development.” Illustrate from the contemporary situation of India.                                                                                                   

c) Examine the role of protect movements in changing the status of Dalits in India


Q.7)  a)  “Religious pluralism is the order of present-day societies.” Explain by giving suitable examples.                                                                                                              

b) Discuss the contemporary trends in family as a response to social change in modern society.

c) To what extent revolution replaces the existing order of society? Discuss


Q.8)  a) “Education is a major source of social mobility in contemporary society.”

b) How is Durkheim’s theory of religion different from Max Weber’s theory of religion?

c) Distinguish between family and household as sociological concepts.                

0 Answer 0 Comments 46 views January 04, 2019 at 04:04 pm

Question :

Section A

 Q.1) Answer the following Questions in about 150 words each:

a) Critically examine the Marxist aspect of political economy approach to the study of comparative politics.

b) Comment on the decline of political parties and examine whether new social movements shall be alternative strategy for establishing link between government and society.

c) Discuss the impact of globalization on the internal functioning of the state.

d) Critically examine the functional and system approaches to the study of international relations.

e) “A combination of internal pressures (Ethinic and regional forces) and external threats (EU, UN, TNC, Global market, etc.) has produced what is commonly referred to as a ‘crisis of the nation-state’.”

Q.2) Why does global human security need to be emphasized along with economic security? Explain with examples.

b) Do you endorse that the United Nations needs major changes in its structures and functioning? Suggest the changes for efficient improvements.

c) Discuss the evolution of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons in the post-Cold War Period.

Q.3)  a) “The IMF, World Bank, G-7, GATT and other structures are designed to serve the interests of TNCs, Banks and investment firms in a ‘’New Imperial age’.” Substantiate with examples of governance of new world order.

b) Examine in brief the rise and fall of the Cold War.

c) How does the regionalism shape the world politics? Explain with examples.

Q.4) a) Explain the instruments and methods devised for the promotion of national interest.

b) “The notion of balance of power is notoriously full of confusion.” In the light of this quotation, do you think that the concept of balance of power is relevant?

c) Do interest groups help to promote democracy or to undermine it? Give your opinion.


Q.5) Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

a) Which determinant factors play an important role in making India’s foreign policy? Illustrate with examples.

b) Comment on India’s contribution to Non-Alignment Movement and its contemporary relevance.

c) Illustrate the main causes of tension between India and China. Suggest the possibilities of improving relationship.

d) Critically analyze India’s nuclear policy.

e) Sometimes we visualize that SAARC’s efforts come to halt because of various impediments to regional cooperation.” Elaborate with reasonable examples of impediments.

Q.6) Explain Britain’s ouster from EU and bring out its consequences on world economy in general and India in particular.

b) Comment on India’s growing relationship with USA in the background of constrained relations between India and China.

c) Critically analyze China’s role in international politics against India’s demand for permanent seat in UN Security council.

Q.7) a) Examine the main problems and challenges involved in looking after environmental concerns in world politics.

b) Explain the concept of the North-South divide and suggest how structural inequalities between the high wage, high investment industrial North and low wage, low investment predomintly rural South can be reduced.

c) Discuss the positive and negative impacts of Soviet Union’s disintegration on developing nations.

Q.8) a) Explain the socio-economic impacts of arms race and identify the obstacles in the way of disarmament.

b) What are the hope and aspirations of ‘Look East Policy’ of India? Explain.

c) Discuss the shift of India’s foreign policy towards Pakistan in light of Pathankot incident.

0 Answer 0 Comments 50 views January 04, 2019 at 04:03 pm

Question :

Section ‘A’

Q.1) Comment on the following in about 150 words each:
प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्नलिखित पर टिप्पणी:

  1. a) “How would and my fellow human beings behave if we were to find ourselves in a state of nature, and what does this behavior tell us about our innate pre-dispositions?” (Thomas Hobbes)

क) “कैसे होगा और यदि हम प्रकृति के एक राज्य में अपने आप को खोजने के लिए किए गए मेरे साथी मनुष्यों के व्यवहार करते हैं, और क्या इस व्यवहार हमें हमारी सहज पूर्व स्वभाव के बारे में बताओ?” (थॉमस होब्स)

  1. b) The Post-Behavioural Approach.

ख) पोस्ट-व्यवहार दृष्टिकोण।

  1. c) Affirmative Action.

ग) सकारात्मक कार्रवाई।

  1. d) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s idea of state socialism.

घ) डॉ बी.आर. राज्य समाजवाद के अम्बेडकर के विचार।

  1. e) Gramsci’s concept of Hegemony

ई) नायकत्व की ग्राम्शी की अवधारणा

Q.2) a) “The Political ideology of Globalization is Neo-Liberalism.” Comment.

क) टिप्पणी “वैश्वीकरण की राजनीतिक विचारधारा नव-उदारवाद है।”।

  1. b) Discuss Feminist Theory of the State.

ख) राज्य की नारीवादी सिद्धांत पर चर्चा।

  1. c) Critically examine John Rawl’s Argument for democratic equality.

ग) समीक्षकों लोकतांत्रिक समानता के लिए जॉन राल्स के तर्क की जांच।

Q.3) a)  Discuss Shri Aurobinod’s  views on Culture Nationalism.

क) संस्कृति राष्ट्रवाद पर श्री Aurobinod के विचारों पर चर्चा करें ..

  1. b) Explain Marx’s understanding of Human Essence  and Alienation.

ख) मानव सार और अलगाव की मार्क्स की समझ को समझाओ।

  1. c) “ The implementation of human rights is regarded as a matter of changing the conduct of States. ” Comment.

ग) “मानव अधिकारों के कार्यान्वयन राज्य अमेरिका के आचरण को बदलने की बात के रूप में माना जाता है। ” टिप्पणी।

Q.4) Discuss Hannah Arendt’s analysis of the role of ideology in modern totalitarian regimes.

चर्चा आधुनिक अधिनायकवादी शासन में विचारधारा की भूमिका की हन्ना Arendt का विश्लेषण।

b) Explicate the features of Representative Democracy.

ख) प्रतिनिधि लोकतंत्र की सुविधाओं के बयान।

c) Examine Gandhi’s critique of ‘Modernisations’.

ग) ‘आधुनिकीकरण’ की गांधी की आलोचना की जांच करना।


Section ‘B’

Q.5) Comment on the following in about 150 words Each:

प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्नलिखित पर टिप्पणी:

a) Critically examine the Radical Humanist perspective on Indian National Movement.

क) समीक्षकों भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन पर कट्टरपंथी मानवतावादी परिप्रेक्ष्य जांच करते हैं।

b) Cultural and Regional differences are the enduring bases on which politics is played out in India.

ख) सांस्कृतिक और क्षेत्रीय मतभेद है जिस पर राजनीति भारत में खेला जाता है स्थायी कुर्सियां हैं।

c) ‘Article 368 does not enable Parliament to alter the basic structure or framework of the Constitution’.

ग) ‘अनुच्छेद 368 बुनियादी संरचना या संविधान के ढांचे को बदलने के लिए संसद सक्षम नहीं है’।

d) The Purpose of the 42nd Constitutional Amendment was to make the economic and social democracy explicitly visible.

घ) 42 वें संविधान संशोधन का विषय आर्थिक और सामाजिक लोकतंत्र को स्पष्ट रूप से दिखाई बनाने के लिए किया गया था।

e) The philosophy and administration of the distribution of powers between Centre and state is required to be re-assessed.

ई) दर्शन और केंद्र और राज्य के बीच शक्तियों के वितरण के प्रशासन को फिर से मूल्यांकन किया जाना आवश्यक है।

Q.6) a) Critically examine the politics of Economic growth in India.

क) समीक्षकों भारत में आर्थिक विकास की राजनीति की जांच।

  1. b) Comment on the emergence of Backward classes in the Indian politics.

ख) भारतीय राजनीति में पिछड़े वर्गों के उद्भव पर टिप्पणी करें।

c) Discuss the pattern of Political Parties from one dominant party system to coalition politics in national politics.

ग) राष्ट्रीय राजनीति में गठबंधन की राजनीति के लिए एक प्रमुख पार्टी सिस्टम से राजनीतिक दलों की तर्ज पर चर्चा करें।

Q.7) a)  Land reforms have failed in the eradication of rural poverty. Comment.

क) भूमि सुधारों ग्रामीण गरीबी उन्मूलन में विफल रहे हैं। टिप्पणी।

7.b) Critically examine the role of Governor in recent times.

ख) गंभीर रूप से हाल के दिनों में राज्यपाल की भूमिका की जांच।

7.c) Discuss the Right to information and underline challenges being posed before it.

ग) सूचना के अधिकार पर चर्चा करें और रेखांकित चुनौतियों में यह पहले के समक्ष रखी जा रही है।

Q.8) a) The goal of Good governance will be achieved only by strengthening the grass root level democracy.

क) सुशासन का लक्ष्य केवल जमीनी स्तर पर लोकतंत्र को मजबूत बनाने के द्वारा प्राप्त किया जाएगा।

b) Examine the objective and role of the National  Human Rights Commission.

ख) उद्देश्य और राष्ट्रीय मानवाधिकार आयोग की भूमिका की जांच।

c) Critical Examine the provisions made in the Constitution for the protection of  Environment.

ग) गंभीर पर्यावरण की सुरक्षा के लिए संविधान में किए गए प्रावधानों का परीक्षण करें।

0 Answer 0 Comments 43 views January 04, 2019 at 04:02 pm

Posted By : ias tutor

Subject : Economy & Society | Chapter : PHILOSOPHY OPTIONAL

Question :


Q.1) Answer all of the following questions in about 150 words each:

प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्नलिखित सभी सवालों का जवाब

a) ”Sovereignty is the supreme power over citizens and subjects, unrestrained by law.” Discuss.

संप्रभुता नागरिकों और विषयों, कानून द्वारा अनर्गल पर सर्वोच्च शक्ति है। “पर चर्चा करें।

b) A well-ordered society, according to Rawls, is effectively regulated by a public conception of justice. Do you agree? Give reasons.

ख) एक सुव्यवस्थित समाज, रोंव्ल्स के अनुसार, प्रभावी ढंग से न्याय की सार्वजनिक गर्भाधान द्वारा विनियमित है। क्या आप सहमत हैं? कारण दीजिये।

c) “Socialism itself is the fulfillment of democracy.” Analyse.

ग) “समाजवाद में ही लोकतंत्र की पूर्ति है।” विश्लेषण कीजिए।

d) Evaluate the statement that all human beings have certain unalienable rights.

घ) बयान दिया था कि सभी मनुष्य कुछ अहस्तांतरणीय अधिकार है मूल्यांकन।

e) “The goal in punishing should be to reform the individual.” Comment.

ई) टिप्पणी “को दंडित करने में लक्ष्य अलग-अलग। सुधार करने के लिए होना चाहिए”।

Q.2) a) Is Liberty a positive and equal opportunity of self-realization? Discuss.

लिबर्टी आत्म बोध का एक सकारात्मक और समान अवसर है? चर्चा कर।

b) On what grounds does Laski criticize Austin’s concept of sovereignty?

ख) किस आधार पर लास्की संप्रभुता के ऑस्टिन की अवधारणा की आलोचना करता है?

c)”The right of free speech implies the genuine independence of the judiciary and its complete separation from the executive.” Evaluate.

ग) “मुक्त भाषण के अधिकार न्यायपालिका और कार्यपालिका से अपनी पूरी जुदाई की वास्तविक स्वतंत्रता निकलता है।” मूल्यांकन।

Q.3) Is the State an agency for expressing the will of the ruling classes? Examine.

राज्य शासक वर्ग की इच्छा व्यक्त करने के लिए एक एजेंसी है? की जांच।

b) Can we consider “Freedom from domination” as one of the justifications for multiculturalism? Give reasons for your answer.

ख) हम “वर्चस्व से स्वतंत्रता” बहुसंस्कृतिवाद के लिए औचित्य में से एक के रूप में विचार कर सकते हैं? अपने जवाब के लिए कारण दें।

c) Is it possible to measure social progress independent of economic development? Discuss.

ग) यह सामाजिक प्रगति आर्थिक विकास की स्वतंत्र मापने के लिए संभव है? चर्चा कर।

Q.4) a) “To me the female sex is not the weaker sex. It is the nobler of the two evaluate this statement of Gandhi”

क) “मेरे लिए महिला सेक्स कमजोर सेक्स नहीं है। यह दो की nobler गांधी के इस बयान का मूल्यांकन है ”

b) Do you agree that women become empowered through collective reflection and decision-making? Discuss.

ख) क्या आप सहमत हैं कि महिलाओं को सामूहिक प्रतिबिंब और निर्णय लेने के माध्यम से सशक्त बनें? चर्चा कर।

c) How did Ambedkar analyse the caste system from the historical and social perspectives? Explain.

ग) कैसे अम्बेडकर ऐतिहासिक और सामाजिक दृष्टिकोण से जाति व्यवस्था का विश्लेषण किया? समझाओ।


 Q.5)  Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्न सवालों के जवाब:

a) Critically discuss the view that ‘modern sensibility and total obedience to a despotic God’ do not go hand in hand.

क) समीक्षकों का मानना है कि ‘आधुनिक संवेदनशीलता और एक निरंकुश भगवान के लिए कुल आज्ञाकारिता’ हाथ में हाथ जाना नहीं है पर चर्चा की।

b) “World-religion is a spiritualistic and humanistic composite.” Evaluate.

ख) “विश्व-धर्म एक आध्यात्मिक और मानवीय समग्र है।” मूल्यांकन।

c) Is Religious absolutism a threat to Religious pluralism? Discuss.

ग) धार्मिक निरंकुश धार्मिक बहुलवाद के लिए खतरा है? चर्चा कर।

d) Buddhism disbelieves in the immortality of soul, but accepts the phenomenon of rebirth. Examine.

घ) बौद्ध धर्म आत्मा की अमरता में disbelieves, लेकिन पुनर्जन्म की घटना को स्वीकार करता है। की जांच।

e) Faith means human awareness of God; but it cannot be irrational. Analyse.

ई) विश्वास भगवान के मानव जागरूकता का मतलब है, लेकिन यह अतार्किक नहीं हो सकता। विश्लेषण कीजिए।

Q.6)  a) The content of revelation is a body of truths expressed in statements or propositions. But it cannot be against. Reason. Discuss.

क) रहस्योद्घाटन की सामग्री बयान या प्रस्ताव में व्यक्त सत्य की एक संस्था है। लेकिन इसके खिलाफ नहीं हो सकता। कारण। चर्चा कर।

b) Compare and contrast the relation of man to the world in the oriental religions.

ख) की तुलना करें और प्राच्य धर्मों में दुनिया के लिए आदमी के संबंध विपरीत।

c) Show how the attributes of immanence and transcendence of God go with omnipresence and infinitude.

ग) मानचित्र कैसे स्थिरता और भगवान के अतिक्रमण की विशेषताओं omnipresence और अनन्तता साथ चलते हैं।

Q.7)  a) State and evaluate the nature and validity of myself experience.

क) राज्य और प्रकृति और खुद के अनुभव की वैधता का मूल्यांकन।

b) “Moral principles function better when they remain independent and unconnected with religion” Discuss.

ख) “नैतिक सिद्धांतों बेहतर कार्य जब वे स्वतंत्र और धर्म के साथ असंबद्ध रह” पर चर्चा करें।

c) “It would be self-contradictory to say that the most perfect conceivable being lacks the attribute of existence.” Analyse.

ग) “यह आत्म विरोधाभासी कहना है कि सबसे सही बोधगम्य जा रहा है अस्तित्व की विशेषता का अभाव होगा।” विश्लेषण कीजिए।

Q.8) a) “If God is all-powerful, God must wish to abolish all evils, but moral and natural evils are rampant in the world.” How would a theist react to this?

क) “अगर भगवान सर्वशक्तिमान है, भगवान सब बुराइयों को समाप्त करना चाहते हैं चाहिए, लेकिन नैतिक और प्राकृतिक बुराइयों दुनिया में बड़े पैमाने पर कर रहे हैं।” कैसे एक आस्तिक इस पर प्रतिक्रिया होगी?

b) Among the different views of religious language, which one is more satisfactory and why?

ख) धार्मिक भाषा के अलग अलग विचार है, जो एक अधिक संतोषजनक है और यही कारण है के बीच?

c) “The natural would is as complexly and manifestly designed as a watch”. Evaluate.

ग) “प्राकृतिक दुनिया के रूप में जटिल है और एक घड़ी के रूप में प्रकट रूप से डिजाइन किया गया है।” मूल्यांकन करना।

0 Answer 0 Comments 45 views January 04, 2019 at 04:02 pm

Posted By : ias tutor

Subject : Economy & Society | Chapter : ANTHROPOLOGY OPTIONAL

Question :


Q.1)  Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:

प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्नलिखित पर नोट लिखें:

a) Differences between Social Anthropology and Sociology.

एक) सामाजिक नृविज्ञान और समाजशास्त्र के बीच अंतर।

b) Cultural Relativism

ख) सांस्कृतिक सापेक्षवाद

c) Lineage and Clan

ग) वंश और कबीले

d) Totemism

घ) गण चिन्ह वाद

e) Functionalism

ई) कार्यात्मक

Q.2) a) Delineate the salient features of Chalcoloithic cultures.

क) Chalcoloithic संस्कृतियों की मुख्य विशेषताएं चित्रित।

b) Discuss the impact of urbanization and feminist movements on family in India.

ख) भारत में परिवार पर शहरीकरण और नारीवादी आंदोलनों के प्रभाव पर चर्चा करें।

c) According to Geertz, how does the cock-fight reveal aspects of Balinese culture?

ग) Geertz के अनुसार, कैसे मुर्गा लड़ाई बाली संस्कृति के पहलुओं को उजागर करता है?

Q.3) Describes the cardinal  points of descent and alliance  theories.

वंश और गठबंधन के सिद्धांतों के कार्डिनल बिंदुओं का वर्णन करता है।

b) discuss different social control mechanisms in simple societies.

ख) सरल समाजों में विभिन्न सामाजिक नियंत्रण तंत्र पर चर्चा की।

c) critically examine different Anthropological approaches to Religion.

ग) गंभीर रूप से धर्म को अलग मानव विज्ञान के दृष्टिकोण की जांच।

Q.4) Discuss the principles governing production, distribution and exchange in simple societies.

गवर्निंग सरल समाजों में उत्पादन, वितरण और विनिमय सिद्धांतों पर चर्चा करें।

b) How do the concepts of binary opposites and exchange figure in Levi-Strauss’ structural analysis of kinship?

ख) कैसे करते रिश्तेदारी की लेवी-स्ट्रॉस ‘संरचनात्मक विश्लेषण में द्विआधारी विपरीत और विनिमय आंकड़ा की अवधारणाओं?

c) Describe the evolution of Fieldwork tradition in Anthropology.

ग) नृविज्ञान में Fieldwork परंपरा के विकास का वर्णन।


Q.5) Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:

प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्नलिखित पर नोट लिखें:

a) Rh-Blood Group

क) आरएच रक्त समूह

b) Rhodesian Man

ख) रोडेशियाई मैन

c) Neolithic Cultures of India

ग) भारत की संस्कृति नवपाषाण

d) Fertility and Fecundity.

घ) प्रजनन क्षमता और उपजाऊपन।

e) Forensic Anthropology.

ई) फॉरेंसिक नृविज्ञान।

Q.6) Elucidate the biological and cultural factors in Human evolution.

मानव विकास में जैविक और सांस्कृतिक कारकों को स्पष्ट।

b) Explain the role of heredity and environment in the formation of races.

ख) दौड़ के गठन में आनुवंशिकता और पर्यावरण की भूमिका की व्याख्या।

c) Discuss different factors affecting growth and development in human beings.

ग) मनुष्य में वृद्धि और विकास को प्रभावित करने वाले विभिन्न कारकों पर चर्चा करें।

Q.7)  Critically discuss the Mendelian principles and their application to human populations.

गंभीर रूप मेंडेलियाई सिद्धांतों और मानव आबादी के लिए उनके आवेदन पर चर्चा की।

b) Explain the significance of screening and counseling for genetic disorders.

ख) स्क्रीनिंग और आनुवंशिक विकारों के लिए परामर्श के महत्व को समझाने।

c) Describe the scope of Epidemiological Anthropology in the study of infectious and non-infectious diseases.

ग) संक्रामक और गैर-संक्रामक रोगों के अध्ययन में महामारी विज्ञान के मानव विज्ञान के दायरे का वर्णन करें।

Q.8) Describe the role of Anthropology in designing defence and other equipment.

रक्षा और अन्य उपकरणों को डिजाइन करने में मानव विज्ञान की भूमिका का वर्णन करें।

b) Discuss the genetic and non-genetic factors in the bio-cultural adaptations of human beings to different environments.

ख) विभिन्न वातावरण के लिए मनुष्य के जैव-सांस्कृतिक रूपांतरों में आनुवंशिक और गैर आनुवांशिक कारकों पर चर्चा करें।

c) Explain the skeletal changes due to erect posture and their implications.

ग) आसन और उनके प्रभाव को खड़ा करने की वजह से कंकाल परिवर्तन की व्याख्या।


0 Answer 0 Comments 47 views January 04, 2019 at 04:00 pm

Posted By : ias tutor

Subject : History | Chapter : history optional

Question :



Q.1) Answer the following in about 150 words each:

प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्नलिखित उत्तर:

a) Comment on the French ambition of building a territorial empire. In India.

क) एक क्षेत्रीय साम्राज्य के निर्माण के फ्रेंच महत्वाकांक्षा पर टिप्पणी करें। भारत में।

b) After the Battle of Plassey, how did India transit from the medieval to the modern age?

ख) प्लासी की लड़ाई के बाद, कैसे आधुनिक युग के लिए मध्ययुगीन से भारत पारगमन किया?

c) Do you agree with the view that the growth of vernacular literature in the 19th and the 20th centuries paved the way for social reform and cultural revival in India.?

ग) आप दृश्य 19 वीं और 20 वीं शताब्दी में स्थानीय भाषा साहित्य के विकास को सामाजिक सुधार और भारत में सांस्कृतिक पुनरुत्थान के लिए मार्ग प्रशस्त किया है कि के साथ सहमत नहीं हूँ।?

d) “The Mutiny of 1857 was much moiré than a Mutiny of Sepoys and much less than a National Rebellion,” Comment.

घ) टिप्पणी “1857 का विद्रोह सिपाहियों के एक विद्रोह की तुलना में काफी मौआ और की तुलना में एक राष्ट्रीय विद्रोह, बहुत कम था”।

e) Explain “Constructive Swadeshi” Characterised by atmashakti (self-reliance), which propelled the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal.

ई) समझाने “रचनात्मक स्वदेशी” atmashakti (आत्मनिर्भरता द्वारा Characterised) है, जो बंगाल में स्वदेशी आंदोलन चलनेवाला।

Q..2) How far is it correct to say that if Clive was the founder of the British Empire in India, Warren Hastings was its administrative organizer?

कितनी दूर यह कहना है कि यदि क्लाइव भारत में ब्रिटिश साम्राज्य के संस्थापक थे, वारेन हेस्टिंग्स अपने प्रशासनिक आयोजक था सही है?

b) “Peace hath her victories no less renowned than war.” Examine this statement with reference to Lord William Bentinck.

ख) “शांति उसकी जीत युद्ध से कम नहीं प्रसिद्ध हाथ है।” लार्ड विलियम Bentinck के संदर्भ में इस बयान की जांच करना।

c) “India’s need for a federal system was more an imperative than a political choice.” Do you agree?

ग) “एक संघीय प्रणाली के लिए भारत की जरूरत के लिए एक राजनीतिक विकल्प की तुलना में अधिक के लिए एक जरूरी था।” क्या आप सहमत हैं?

Q.3) Critically examine the causes responsible for the phenomenon called ‘de-industrialization’  in India during the nineteenth century.

गंभीर रूप कारणों घटना उन्नीसवीं सदी के दौरान भारत में ‘डी-औद्योगीकरण’ कहा जाता है के लिए जिम्मेदार जांच करते हैं।

b) How far is it correct to say that the 19th Tribal uprisings are a part of subaltern nationalism?

ख) तक यह सही कहना है कि 19 वीं आदिवासी बगावत मातहत राष्ट्रवाद का एक हिस्सा हैं?

c) How did Dr. B.R. Ambedkar try to seek a political solution to the Problem of caste in India?

ग) डॉ बी.आर. किया अम्बेडकर भारत में जाति की समस्या के राजनीतिक समाधान की तलाश की कोशिश की?

Q.4) “The need to impose greater parliamentary control over the Company’s affairs increased during the decades (1773 – 1853) after Plassey.” Elucidate.

स्पष्ट – “प्लासी के बाद। कंपनी के मामलों पर अधिक संसदीय नियंत्रण लागू करने की आवश्यकता पर दशकों (1853 1773) के दौरान वृद्धि हुई”।

b) What significant role did women play in the Indian National Movement?

ख) महिलाओं को भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन में क्या महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका रही?

c) Critically examine the nature and scope of environmental movements in independent India.

ग) गंभीर प्रकृति और स्वतंत्र भारत में पर्यावरण आंदोलनों के दायरे से जांच करते हैं।


Q.5) Answer the following in about 150 words each:

प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्नलिखित उत्तर:

a) “Karl” Marx applied his critical intelligence to Wealth of Nations…. Where Smith had seen only the sunlight, Marx saw only the shadows thrown upon the human scene by the unimpeded exercise of individual liberty. (Elucidate.)

क) “कार्ल” मार्क्स राष्ट्र का धन के लिए अपने महत्वपूर्ण खुफिया लागू …। कहाँ स्मिथ केवल सूरज की रोशनी देखा था, मार्क्स केवल छाया व्यक्तिगत स्वतंत्रता की बेरोक व्यायाम करने से मानव दृश्य पर फेंका देखा। (स्पष्ट)।

b) What is Metternich system? Assess its impact on Europe.

ख) Metternich प्रणाली क्या है? यूरोप पर इसके प्रभाव का आकलन करें।

c) “League of Nations is a League of Nations.” Comment.

ग) टिप्पणी “लीग ऑफ नेशंस राष्ट्र के एक लीग है।”।

d) Explain the main features of the US Federal Constitution.

घ) अमेरिकी फेडरल संविधान की मुख्य विशेषताएं इस प्रकार समझा है।

e) What factors contributed to the emergence of a unipolar world?

ई) क्या कारकों एक एकध्रुवीय दुनिया के उद्भव के लिए योगदान दिया?

Q.6)  a) Critically examine the statement that the French Revolution was not caused by the French philosophers but by the conditions of national life and by the mistakes of the government.

क) समीक्षकों बयान की जांच कि फ्रांसीसी क्रांति फ्रेंच दार्शनिकों द्वारा लेकिन राष्ट्रीय जीवन की परिस्थितियों से और सरकार की गलतियों की वजह से नहीं किया गया था।

b) “A house divided against itself cannot stand, I believe this government cannot endure permanently, half slave and half free” Explain Abraham Lincoln’s perspective.

ख) “एक घर में फूट बर्दाश्त नहीं कर सकता, मेरा मानना है कि इस सरकार को स्थायी रूप से, आधा गुलाम और आधा मुक्त सहन नहीं कर सकता” समझाओ अब्राहम लिंकन के नजरिए।

c) Trace the significant role played by Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam’s struggle for freedom.

ग) महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका आजादी के लिए वियतनाम के संघर्ष में हो ची मिन्ह द्वारा निभाई ट्रेस।

Q.7) a) How did Lenin achieve an abrupt transition from a Monarchical autocratic to a Socialist State?

क) लेनिन एक समाजवादी राज्य के लिए एक राजतंत्रीय निरंकुश से एक अचानक संक्रमण हासिल किया?

b) Do you agree with the view that the Treaty of Versailles was a bad compromise between a treaty based upon force and a treaty based on ideas?

ख) आप देखें कि वर्साय की संधि एक संधि बल पर आधारित है और एक संधि पर विचारों के आधार पर जो बुरा समझौता किया गया था से सहमत हैं?

c) Trace the growth f British imperialism in South Africa from 1800 to 1907.

ग) 1800 से 1907 के लिए दक्षिण अफ्रीका में ब्रिटिश साम्राज्यवाद के विकास को ट्रेस।

Q.8) a) Trace the growth of Arab nationalism after the First World War. How far was it a reaction to Oil Imperialism?

क) प्रथम विश्व युद्ध के बाद अरब राष्ट्रवाद के विकास को ट्रेस। कितनी दूर यह तेल साम्राज्यवाद के लिए एक प्रतिक्रिया थी?

b) In what way did the political changes in Soviet Union influence the events in Eastern Europe during the closing decades of the 20th Century?

ख) किस तरह से सोवियत संघ में राजनीतिक परिवर्तन 20 वीं सदी के समापन दशकों के दौरान पूर्वी यूरोप में घटनाओं को प्रभावित किया?

c) Outline the circumstances Leading to détente.

ग) परिस्थितियों अमन के लिए अग्रणी रेखांकित करें।

0 Answer 0 Comments 41 views January 04, 2019 at 03:57 pm

Posted By : ias tutor

Subject : Geography | Chapter : GEOGRAPHY OPTIONAL

Question :



Q.1)  Attempt all of the following questions in about 150 words  each:

a) “The Regulating Act of 1773 not only introduced value in administration but also laid the foundation on centralized administration in India.” Explain.

b) Do you think that some of the ideals enshrined in the Preamble of the Constitution remain only on paper even today? Critically evaluate.

c) Examine the efficacy of the measures taken to redefine and execute cooperative federalism in India.

d)Evaluate the performance and efficacy of the Maharatna, navratna and Miniratna type of Public Sector Undertakings in the context of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG).

e) “The growing prominence of NGOs in development areas is strongly related to the declining legitimacy of the State.” Explain.

Q.2) “In contemporary times, Kautilya’s Arthashstra is relevant more in the field of international relations than in economic affairs.” Analyse the statement.

b) “Dominant centralized administration is correlated with decisive and authoritative leadership provided by the Prime Minister’s office.”

c) “A significant legacy of the Mughal rule in India is a well-organized revenue administration at the State and District Levels.” Comment.

Q.3) a) What factors have led to the expansion of the role of the Ministry of Home Affairs? How can it coordinate its affairs more effectively with the Ministry of Defence?

b) “Introduction of G.S.T. (Goods and Services Tax) no doubt has economic benefits, but tends to compromise the States’ ” IN this context, comment on the changing nature of Union-State financial relations.

c) “Planning in India has failed to meet the challenges of economic development and social change.” Discuss the statement in the context of the emergence of NITI Aayog.

Q.4) a) “The absence of congruence of views on appointments to judiciary between the Supreme Court and the Union Government has had an adverse impact on the judicial system.” In the light of  the above statement, examine the proposal to constitute an All India Judicial Service. (AIJS).

b) “The separation between regulatory and development functions in many development administration.” Critically examine the need to relook at this policy.

c) “Legislatures have become a place for infighting rather than for proper policy making.” Comment in the context of the working of State Governments.



Q.5)  Attempt all of the following questions in about 150 words each:

a) “Autonomy granted to higher civil servants tends to increase their creativity and productivity.” Argue the case to make the civil service more accountable as well as innovative.

b) Justify the budgetary support to nationalized banks to overcome the crisis resulting out of Non-Performing Asserts (NPA).

c) “National Green Tribunal is viewed by many critics as a hindrance to economic development” Evaluate the statement and give arguments in support of the your answer.

d) Is training of police in India still a reflection of the colonial mindset? Give reasons for your answer.

e) “The concept of ‘New localism’ is related to the emerging nature of the relationship between the State governments and local government bodies.” Explain.

Q.6) a) “The goals of good governance will remain utopian if local governments responsible for providing all basic services directly to the citizens, are not empowered as mandated by the 73rd and 74th  constitutional Amendment Acts.” Critically evaluate the status of empowerment of the local bodies

b) Explain how the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) provides a framework and direction to the government agencies for all phases of disaster management cycle.

c) What merits do you foresee in the proposed merger of the Railway Budget with the General Budget?

Q.7) “The Right to Information Act is a path-breaking legislation which signals the march from darkness of secrecy to dawn of transparency.”

a) What hurdles do the citizens face in obtaining information from the government? Explain how the reluctance of the government to part with information under RTI can be addressed.

b) “The objectives of fiscal devolution to local bodies as mandated by the 73rd and 74th constitutional Amendment Acts has been derailed by the actual working of the State Finance Commissions. ” Comment.

c) “The initiative of the Income Tax Department on disclosure of black money has had a mixed response.” Give suggestions for tackling this complex problem.

Q.8)  a) Do you agree that Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations do not reflect and correlate the need for civil service reforms and accountability with pay increase? Justify your answer.

b) “In a democratic polity, any conception of ethics and integrity in public life must encompass not only politicians and civil servants but also citizens.” Discuss.

c) “Police reforms in India have remained a contentious issue.” Critically analyse.


0 Answer 0 Comments 40 views January 04, 2019 at 03:56 pm