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Question :

Section A

 Q.1) Answer the following Questions in about 150 words each:

a) Critically examine the Marxist aspect of political economy approach to the study of comparative politics.

b) Comment on the decline of political parties and examine whether new social movements shall be alternative strategy for establishing link between government and society.

c) Discuss the impact of globalization on the internal functioning of the state.

d) Critically examine the functional and system approaches to the study of international relations.

e) “A combination of internal pressures (Ethinic and regional forces) and external threats (EU, UN, TNC, Global market, etc.) has produced what is commonly referred to as a ‘crisis of the nation-state’.”

Q.2) Why does global human security need to be emphasized along with economic security? Explain with examples.

b) Do you endorse that the United Nations needs major changes in its structures and functioning? Suggest the changes for efficient improvements.

c) Discuss the evolution of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons in the post-Cold War Period.

Q.3)  a) “The IMF, World Bank, G-7, GATT and other structures are designed to serve the interests of TNCs, Banks and investment firms in a ‘’New Imperial age’.” Substantiate with examples of governance of new world order.

b) Examine in brief the rise and fall of the Cold War.

c) How does the regionalism shape the world politics? Explain with examples.

Q.4) a) Explain the instruments and methods devised for the promotion of national interest.

b) “The notion of balance of power is notoriously full of confusion.” In the light of this quotation, do you think that the concept of balance of power is relevant?

c) Do interest groups help to promote democracy or to undermine it? Give your opinion.


Q.5) Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

a) Which determinant factors play an important role in making India’s foreign policy? Illustrate with examples.

b) Comment on India’s contribution to Non-Alignment Movement and its contemporary relevance.

c) Illustrate the main causes of tension between India and China. Suggest the possibilities of improving relationship.

d) Critically analyze India’s nuclear policy.

e) Sometimes we visualize that SAARC’s efforts come to halt because of various impediments to regional cooperation.” Elaborate with reasonable examples of impediments.

Q.6) Explain Britain’s ouster from EU and bring out its consequences on world economy in general and India in particular.

b) Comment on India’s growing relationship with USA in the background of constrained relations between India and China.

c) Critically analyze China’s role in international politics against India’s demand for permanent seat in UN Security council.

Q.7) a) Examine the main problems and challenges involved in looking after environmental concerns in world politics.

b) Explain the concept of the North-South divide and suggest how structural inequalities between the high wage, high investment industrial North and low wage, low investment predomintly rural South can be reduced.

c) Discuss the positive and negative impacts of Soviet Union’s disintegration on developing nations.

Q.8) a) Explain the socio-economic impacts of arms race and identify the obstacles in the way of disarmament.

b) What are the hope and aspirations of ‘Look East Policy’ of India? Explain.

c) Discuss the shift of India’s foreign policy towards Pakistan in light of Pathankot incident.

0 Answer 0 Comments 50 views January 04, 2019 at 04:03 pm

Question :

Section ‘A’

Q.1) Comment on the following in about 150 words each:
प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्नलिखित पर टिप्पणी:

  1. a) “How would and my fellow human beings behave if we were to find ourselves in a state of nature, and what does this behavior tell us about our innate pre-dispositions?” (Thomas Hobbes)

क) “कैसे होगा और यदि हम प्रकृति के एक राज्य में अपने आप को खोजने के लिए किए गए मेरे साथी मनुष्यों के व्यवहार करते हैं, और क्या इस व्यवहार हमें हमारी सहज पूर्व स्वभाव के बारे में बताओ?” (थॉमस होब्स)

  1. b) The Post-Behavioural Approach.

ख) पोस्ट-व्यवहार दृष्टिकोण।

  1. c) Affirmative Action.

ग) सकारात्मक कार्रवाई।

  1. d) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s idea of state socialism.

घ) डॉ बी.आर. राज्य समाजवाद के अम्बेडकर के विचार।

  1. e) Gramsci’s concept of Hegemony

ई) नायकत्व की ग्राम्शी की अवधारणा

Q.2) a) “The Political ideology of Globalization is Neo-Liberalism.” Comment.

क) टिप्पणी “वैश्वीकरण की राजनीतिक विचारधारा नव-उदारवाद है।”।

  1. b) Discuss Feminist Theory of the State.

ख) राज्य की नारीवादी सिद्धांत पर चर्चा।

  1. c) Critically examine John Rawl’s Argument for democratic equality.

ग) समीक्षकों लोकतांत्रिक समानता के लिए जॉन राल्स के तर्क की जांच।

Q.3) a)  Discuss Shri Aurobinod’s  views on Culture Nationalism.

क) संस्कृति राष्ट्रवाद पर श्री Aurobinod के विचारों पर चर्चा करें ..

  1. b) Explain Marx’s understanding of Human Essence  and Alienation.

ख) मानव सार और अलगाव की मार्क्स की समझ को समझाओ।

  1. c) “ The implementation of human rights is regarded as a matter of changing the conduct of States. ” Comment.

ग) “मानव अधिकारों के कार्यान्वयन राज्य अमेरिका के आचरण को बदलने की बात के रूप में माना जाता है। ” टिप्पणी।

Q.4) Discuss Hannah Arendt’s analysis of the role of ideology in modern totalitarian regimes.

चर्चा आधुनिक अधिनायकवादी शासन में विचारधारा की भूमिका की हन्ना Arendt का विश्लेषण।

b) Explicate the features of Representative Democracy.

ख) प्रतिनिधि लोकतंत्र की सुविधाओं के बयान।

c) Examine Gandhi’s critique of ‘Modernisations’.

ग) ‘आधुनिकीकरण’ की गांधी की आलोचना की जांच करना।


Section ‘B’

Q.5) Comment on the following in about 150 words Each:

प्रत्येक लगभग 150 शब्दों में निम्नलिखित पर टिप्पणी:

a) Critically examine the Radical Humanist perspective on Indian National Movement.

क) समीक्षकों भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन पर कट्टरपंथी मानवतावादी परिप्रेक्ष्य जांच करते हैं।

b) Cultural and Regional differences are the enduring bases on which politics is played out in India.

ख) सांस्कृतिक और क्षेत्रीय मतभेद है जिस पर राजनीति भारत में खेला जाता है स्थायी कुर्सियां हैं।

c) ‘Article 368 does not enable Parliament to alter the basic structure or framework of the Constitution’.

ग) ‘अनुच्छेद 368 बुनियादी संरचना या संविधान के ढांचे को बदलने के लिए संसद सक्षम नहीं है’।

d) The Purpose of the 42nd Constitutional Amendment was to make the economic and social democracy explicitly visible.

घ) 42 वें संविधान संशोधन का विषय आर्थिक और सामाजिक लोकतंत्र को स्पष्ट रूप से दिखाई बनाने के लिए किया गया था।

e) The philosophy and administration of the distribution of powers between Centre and state is required to be re-assessed.

ई) दर्शन और केंद्र और राज्य के बीच शक्तियों के वितरण के प्रशासन को फिर से मूल्यांकन किया जाना आवश्यक है।

Q.6) a) Critically examine the politics of Economic growth in India.

क) समीक्षकों भारत में आर्थिक विकास की राजनीति की जांच।

  1. b) Comment on the emergence of Backward classes in the Indian politics.

ख) भारतीय राजनीति में पिछड़े वर्गों के उद्भव पर टिप्पणी करें।

c) Discuss the pattern of Political Parties from one dominant party system to coalition politics in national politics.

ग) राष्ट्रीय राजनीति में गठबंधन की राजनीति के लिए एक प्रमुख पार्टी सिस्टम से राजनीतिक दलों की तर्ज पर चर्चा करें।

Q.7) a)  Land reforms have failed in the eradication of rural poverty. Comment.

क) भूमि सुधारों ग्रामीण गरीबी उन्मूलन में विफल रहे हैं। टिप्पणी।

7.b) Critically examine the role of Governor in recent times.

ख) गंभीर रूप से हाल के दिनों में राज्यपाल की भूमिका की जांच।

7.c) Discuss the Right to information and underline challenges being posed before it.

ग) सूचना के अधिकार पर चर्चा करें और रेखांकित चुनौतियों में यह पहले के समक्ष रखी जा रही है।

Q.8) a) The goal of Good governance will be achieved only by strengthening the grass root level democracy.

क) सुशासन का लक्ष्य केवल जमीनी स्तर पर लोकतंत्र को मजबूत बनाने के द्वारा प्राप्त किया जाएगा।

b) Examine the objective and role of the National  Human Rights Commission.

ख) उद्देश्य और राष्ट्रीय मानवाधिकार आयोग की भूमिका की जांच।

c) Critical Examine the provisions made in the Constitution for the protection of  Environment.

ग) गंभीर पर्यावरण की सुरक्षा के लिए संविधान में किए गए प्रावधानों का परीक्षण करें।

0 Answer 0 Comments 43 views January 04, 2019 at 04:02 pm

Question :



Q.1)  Attempt all of the following questions in about 150 words  each:

a) “The Regulating Act of 1773 not only introduced value in administration but also laid the foundation on centralized administration in India.” Explain.

b) Do you think that some of the ideals enshrined in the Preamble of the Constitution remain only on paper even today? Critically evaluate.

c) Examine the efficacy of the measures taken to redefine and execute cooperative federalism in India.

d)Evaluate the performance and efficacy of the Maharatna, navratna and Miniratna type of Public Sector Undertakings in the context of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG).

e) “The growing prominence of NGOs in development areas is strongly related to the declining legitimacy of the State.” Explain.

Q.2) “In contemporary times, Kautilya’s Arthashstra is relevant more in the field of international relations than in economic affairs.” Analyse the statement.

b) “Dominant centralized administration is correlated with decisive and authoritative leadership provided by the Prime Minister’s office.”

c) “A significant legacy of the Mughal rule in India is a well-organized revenue administration at the State and District Levels.” Comment.

Q.3) a) What factors have led to the expansion of the role of the Ministry of Home Affairs? How can it coordinate its affairs more effectively with the Ministry of Defence?

b) “Introduction of G.S.T. (Goods and Services Tax) no doubt has economic benefits, but tends to compromise the States’ ” IN this context, comment on the changing nature of Union-State financial relations.

c) “Planning in India has failed to meet the challenges of economic development and social change.” Discuss the statement in the context of the emergence of NITI Aayog.

Q.4) a) “The absence of congruence of views on appointments to judiciary between the Supreme Court and the Union Government has had an adverse impact on the judicial system.” In the light of  the above statement, examine the proposal to constitute an All India Judicial Service. (AIJS).

b) “The separation between regulatory and development functions in many development administration.” Critically examine the need to relook at this policy.

c) “Legislatures have become a place for infighting rather than for proper policy making.” Comment in the context of the working of State Governments.



Q.5)  Attempt all of the following questions in about 150 words each:

a) “Autonomy granted to higher civil servants tends to increase their creativity and productivity.” Argue the case to make the civil service more accountable as well as innovative.

b) Justify the budgetary support to nationalized banks to overcome the crisis resulting out of Non-Performing Asserts (NPA).

c) “National Green Tribunal is viewed by many critics as a hindrance to economic development” Evaluate the statement and give arguments in support of the your answer.

d) Is training of police in India still a reflection of the colonial mindset? Give reasons for your answer.

e) “The concept of ‘New localism’ is related to the emerging nature of the relationship between the State governments and local government bodies.” Explain.

Q.6) a) “The goals of good governance will remain utopian if local governments responsible for providing all basic services directly to the citizens, are not empowered as mandated by the 73rd and 74th  constitutional Amendment Acts.” Critically evaluate the status of empowerment of the local bodies

b) Explain how the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) provides a framework and direction to the government agencies for all phases of disaster management cycle.

c) What merits do you foresee in the proposed merger of the Railway Budget with the General Budget?

Q.7) “The Right to Information Act is a path-breaking legislation which signals the march from darkness of secrecy to dawn of transparency.”

a) What hurdles do the citizens face in obtaining information from the government? Explain how the reluctance of the government to part with information under RTI can be addressed.

b) “The objectives of fiscal devolution to local bodies as mandated by the 73rd and 74th constitutional Amendment Acts has been derailed by the actual working of the State Finance Commissions. ” Comment.

c) “The initiative of the Income Tax Department on disclosure of black money has had a mixed response.” Give suggestions for tackling this complex problem.

Q.8)  a) Do you agree that Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations do not reflect and correlate the need for civil service reforms and accountability with pay increase? Justify your answer.

b) “In a democratic polity, any conception of ethics and integrity in public life must encompass not only politicians and civil servants but also citizens.” Discuss.

c) “Police reforms in India have remained a contentious issue.” Critically analyse.


0 Answer 0 Comments 36 views January 04, 2019 at 03:56 pm

Question :

Answer the following Questions in about 150 words each: 

Q.1)  a) “Taylorism is considered very  controversial despite its popularity.” (Stephen P. Waring) Comment.

b) “Public Administration is the translation of politics into reality that citizens see everyday.”(Donald F. Kettl and James W. Fesler) Explain.

c) “Morale can drive an organization forward or can lead to employees” discontent, poor job performance and absenteeism”.

d) “The autonomy of Public Corporations raised a great debate about their internal working and external relatin with the Ministers and the Parliament.”

e) “In spite of certain advantages, Social Audit arrangements have mostly been ineffective because there is no legal provision for punitive action.”


 Q.2)  a) “Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y describe two  contrasting models of workforce motivation applied by managers in an organization.” Examine.

b) “The New Public Administration has seriously jolted the traditional concepts and outlook of the discipline and enriched the subject by imparting wider perspective by linking it closely to the society.” (Felix A. Nigro and Lloyd G. Nigro) Elucidate.

c) “The central concern of Administrative Law has been the legal limitation of administrative discretion.” Give reasons.


Q.3) a) “if the Regulatory Commissions…..are wholly independent, they are completely irresponsible for the doing of very important policy determining  and Administrative work ….. on the other hand, to rob the commissions of their independence is seriously to menace the impartial performance of their judicial work.” (Cushman) Examine.

b) “Goood governance is ensuring respect for human rights and strengthening democracy, promoting transparency and capacity in Public Administration.” (Kofi Annan) In the light of the statement, critically examine the criteria of good governance as provided by United Nations and Nayef Al-Rodhan.

c) “The legislative control over administration is not as effective as it ought to be”.


Q.4) a)”Blake and Mouton defined leadership styles based on two dimensions-concern for people and concern for production.” In the light of statement, discuss the Managerial Grid Model. Explain with reason which one of the styles is the best.

b) “ bureau-Shaping Model has been developed as a response to the Budget-Maximizing Model.”

c) “Civil Society performs a key role in defending people against the state and market and in asserting the democratic will to influence the State”. Analyze the statement with suitable



Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Q.5) a) “Training is considered as paid holidays.” Comment.

b) “Public Borrowing produces different effects on the economy.” Examine.

c) “Self-Help Groups are considered as one of the most significant tools to adopt participatory approach for economic empowerment of women”. Comment.

d) “Riggs observed that three ‘trends’ Could be discerned in the comparative study of Public Administration.” Discuss.

e) “In Public Policy Marking, ‘Rationalism’ is the opposite of ‘incrementalism’.”


 Q.6)  a) “Fred Riggs continuously changed his theory in order to create the perfect model.” Comment.

b) “The idea of development stands like a ruin in the intellectual landscape’ and “It is time to dismantle this mental structure”. (Wolfgang Sachs) In the light of the statement, Critically examine the anti-development thesis.

c) “Information Technology brings efficiency and transparency to Public Administration.” Examine the statement with suitable examples.


Q.7) a) “Fiscal policy and monetary policy are the two tools used by the state to achieve its macroeconomic objectives.” Examine the statement and point out the differences between the tools.

b) “A central reason for utilization of Performance Appraisal is performance improvement of the employees.” In the light of the statement, analyze the needs of Performance Appraisal in an organization.

c) “The problem is to achieve the right balance between a competitive market economy and an effective state: Markets where possible, the state where necessary.” Justify your answer.


Q.8) a) “The key to understanding performance-based budgeting lies beneath the word ‘result’ ”. In the light of the statement, examine the elements of performance-based budgeting.

b) “Disciplinary action may be informal and formal.” Explain and point out the provisions made in the Constitution or Statute to check the misuse of power to take disciplinary action.

c) “The term ‘work study’ may be used in narrower and wider senses.” Elucidate.

0 Answer 0 Comments 46 views January 04, 2019 at 03:54 pm

Posted By : ias tutor

Subject : Politics, Constitution & Law | Chapter : LAW OPTIONAL

Question :

“Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of Nation, observed that the meaning of real freedom is not to acquire authority by few but to acquire the capacity to question the abuse of such authority.”
Examine, in the light of the above statement, the obligations of the public authorities and explain whether they have discharged it effectively during the last about seven decades

0 Answer 0 Comments 44 views December 27, 2018 at 04:57 pm